After the banking and financial crisis of 2008, and the events of the Arab Spring in 2011, the West has been exposed to an alternative, religion-influenced system of economics called Islamic Finance. Indeed, in the shadows of our conventional financial system, the Gulf States, Turkey and the Islamic countries of Southeast Asia have developed another option that appears to have been less affected by the crises of recent years. Islam’s sphere of influence also happens to comprise an economic zone with more than 1.5 billion faithful. What makes Islamic Finance different from the Western system? How did it emerge? Could it be the long sought-after “third option” to capitalism and communism?